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The following is the word problem in page 5 of Dr. Yeap Ban Har’s book “Bar Modeling-A problem-solving tool” (Thanks Dr. Yeap for allowing me to reference the examples in the book).

Jake is 3 years older than Kyla and 2 years younger than Larry. The total of their ages is 41 years. Find Jake’s age.

Now let’s draw a bar model by writing script with BarModelMaker. First add a bar for each of the 3 persons.

 add bar title="Jake's age"
 add bar title="Kyla's age"
 add bar title="Larry's age"

Now add a box to each of the 3 bars to represent their ages. (We add a label above the box of the first bar with the question mark “?” as the title)
add box with label title=? position=above to bar[1]

 add box to bar[2]
 add box to bar[3]

Add a box to the second bar to represent the 3 years that Jake is older than Kyla. Add a label above the box with the title of “3”.

 add box size=3 stroke-style=dashed to bar[2] with label title=3 position=above

Add a constraint statement specifying that Jake is 3 years older than Kyla.

 box[1] = box[2,1] + 3

Add a box to the third bar to represent the 2 years that Jake is younger than Larray. Add a label above the box with the title of “2”.

 add box size=2 to bar[3] with label title=2 position=above

Add a constraint statement specifying that Jake is 2 years younger than Larry.

 box[1] = box[3] - 2

Add a constraint statement specifying that their total age is 41. Note that Kyla’s age is represented by box[2,1]

 box[1] + box[2,1] + box[3] = 41

Finally add a label to the 3 bars.

 add label title=41 to bar[1 to 3]

We’ve drawn a bar model with 12 statements!

age_problem_p5

In this example, we’ve used only 4 types of statements:

  • Add bar
  • Add box
  • Add label, and
  • Constraint statement

Here is the script of the bar model:

 add bar title="Jake's age"
 add bar title="Kyla's age"
 add bar title="Larry's age"
 add box with label title=? position=above to bar[1]
 add box to bar[2]
 add box size=3 stroke-style=dashed to bar[2] with label title=3 position=above
 add box to bar[3]
 box[1] = box[2,1] + 3
 add box size=2 to bar[3] with label title=2 position=above
 box[1] = box[3] - 2
 box[1] + box[2, 1] + box[3] = 41
 add label title=41 to bar[1 to 3]

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